Tennessee Payday Loans: Law, Stats and History

Tennessee Payday Loan Regulations
Legal Status
Interest Rate (APR)
Maximum Loan Amount
Minimum Loan Term
Not Specified
Maximum Loan Term
31 days
Number of Rollovers
Number of Outstanding Loans
2 (not more than $500 from all loans)
Finance Charges
15% of the amount of the check
$17.65 for $100 borrowed
Statute of Limitations
6 years (from the last payment)
Database Loan Tracking

In the state of Tennessee payday lending is considered legal.

Tennessee has a $500 payday loan limit. There is a maximum loan term of 31 days. Finance charges should not exceed 15% of the amount of the check. However, actual APR in the state nears 460%*. Criminal actions are prohibited.

The state of Tennessee is considered the place where payday loans first originated. This is also a state that (despite the so-to-say honorable attribute) managed to impose more or less strict regulations into the industry over the years. However, unfortunately, high-cost loans are still a problem, mostly due to the presence of unlicensed online lenders in the state.

Tennessee Payday Lending Statutes

In the state of Tennessee payday lending is legal according to Tenn. Code Ann. 45-17-101 et seq.

Here, payday loans are called deferred presentment services loans.

A company should obtain a license at the Department of Financial Institutions to be able to set up a payday loan business in Tennessee. To get the license the company should possess $25,000 in net worth and have records available for a person owning 5% and more of the lending company.

Here, there is a list of payday loan companies with a proper license in Tennessee (as of April 2019).

Any lending company functioning in Tennessee and violating the laws will be prosecuted and have the license revoked. For violating the state law, the lending company will get a fine of $1,000.

Loan Amount in Tennessee

The maximum loan amount in Tennessee is
$500. Only one outstanding loan at a time is allowed.

Licensed payday lenders are not permitted under the Deferred Presentment Services Act to have more than two outstanding checks from any single borrower at a given time. The combined value of all outstanding checks may be no more than $500 under Tenn. Code Ann. § 45-17-112(o).  

Rates, Fees and Other Charges in Tennessee

$17.65 for $100 borrowed loan.

No fee greater than 15% of the face amount of the check shall be applied for payday loan services or internet payday loan services (Tenn. Code Ann. § 45-17-112(b).

However, in reality, APR in Tennessee can reach 460%.

How Much Would a $100 Payday Loan Cost in Tennessee?

With a 14 days term:
ARP: 460%
Loan cost: $17.65
To return: $137.65

ARP сalculation:
$17.65 / 14 days = 1.26 * 365 days = 460%

The Maximum Term for a Payday Loan in Tennessee

  • The minimum term should not be less than 31 days: “Agreements cannot exceed 31 days in length.” (Tenn. Code Ann. § 45-17-112(d))
  • A cooling-off period of 1 business day after 2 continuous loans repaid should pass before another loan is taken.

Consumer Information

From July 2020, lenders are not required to check a borrower’s ability to repay a loan.
Be careful, evaluate your financial situation, don’t get into a debt trap.
The rule was changed by the CFPB.

  • Criminal charges are prohibited in the state of Tennessee.

The Department of Financial Institutions regulates the payday lending industry in the state of Tennessee.

Regulator: Complaints & Information

Tennessee Department of Financial Institutions

Address: 312 Rosa L Parks Ave 26th Floor, Nashville, TN 37243
Phone: 615-741-2236
Url: https://www.tn.gov/tdfi.html
File a Complaint: https://www.tn.gov/tdfi/tdfi-how-do-i/file-a-complaint.html

Number of Tennessee Consumers Complaints by Topics

According to CFPB Consumer Complaint Database

  • Fraud and threat ( 241 )
  • Charges from account ( 183 )
  • Not exiting debt ( 105 )
  • Credit rating ( 54 )
  • Lender is not available ( 53 )
  • Loan to return ( 50 )
  • Not requested loan ( 26 )
  • Loan not received ( 19 )

The Quantity of Top Tennessee Stores by Cities


YearNo. of StoresNo. of Loans,
Value of Fees,
Value of Loans, million
Stats provided by Tennessee Department of Financial Institutions
  • For the 2018 year, 5 companies occupied 83% of the payday loan market in Tennessee.

The History of Payday Loans in Tennessee

  • 1990s – Check Into Cash, allegedly fist payday loan company was founded by Allan Jones in Tennessee. Payday loan industry was born and developed.
  • 2006 – The Military Lending Act effectively capped payday loans offered to the military at 36% APR. No lender in Tennessee is now allowed to offer loans to the military in excess of 36% APR.
  • 2010 – Tennessee Legislation was one of the 25 states that passed serious legislation in with regard to payday loans. Deferred Presentment Services Act capped finance charges at 15% and a maximum loan amount at $500.
  • 2014Metro Council of Nashville passed a zoning law that prohibited payday lenders from being located closer than 1/4 of a mile from another payday loan location.
  • June 2, 2016 – The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) proposed a Payday Loan Rule that hasn’t yet fully come into effect (the federal rule is expected in November 2020).
  • So far, the situation in Tennessee stays the same. Lawmakers have long offered imposing a 36% annual interest rate cap on payday loans; however, this measure is still under consideration.

[Updated As of December 2020]

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